permaculture

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Integrate rather than segregate

A healthy eco-system is built on mutually beneficial relationships and it is these connections that build resilience and bio-diversity. Permacultureʼs 8th principle is integrate rather than segregateʼ which speaks to the importance of seeing how all aspects of a natural system support the health of the whole and its ability to regenerate and prosper. When we fail to equally honour the contribution each organisms makes, we break away from the wisdom of nature and start to loose our understanding of the symbiotic bigger picture life requires to thrive.

As part of the current PDC being facilitated by Sector 39 at Sabina School,
Uganda, we linked the understanding of integrated rather than segregateʼ to the 7
principles that established the ethical and functional guidelines for setting up a co-operative. The founding co-operative principles were established back in 1800 by Robert Owen from Newtown, Wales and in some ways relate to the logical and empowering principles of permaculture if applied to a social-economic enterprise.

Humanity initially evolved from a tribal culture where each member of a community had a significant role that supported the whole. Both permaculture
and the co-operative model can be connected to the understanding that it truly
does take a community to meet humanities physiological, psychological and aesteemedʼ basic needs to have a healthy, happy and fulfilling life. When humanʼs are able to recreate a symbiotic community it establishes a diverse, creative,rewarding and meaningful infrastructure where everyone is appreciated for their contribution.

So what causes us to asegregateʼ? When economy becomes the driving force of a
system, the life enhancing behaviour of co-operation is quickly killed.

Compartmentalizing life for profit has enabled rapid destruction of the precious
eco-systems that provide a hospitable environment for us to live. Segregation has enabled the earthʼs finite resources to be abused for the gross profit of a few. No system in nature survives with the ongoing practice of segregation.

When we work with the permaculture ethics of Earth care, People care and Fair
shareʼ we inspire creative, solution focused approaches that look at how the end
for economy can be integrated into a symbiotic relationship with community and ecology. So, as our PDC group begins the design process to see how

permaculture can best support the evolution of Sabina School, it feels like an
exciting challenge to develop both a near future and long-term plan of action that can integrate the social, ecological and economic needs of this beauty rural community, full of potential and fertile soils.

Day 8: Integrate

A CARROT A Day – UGANDA PERMACULTURE DESIGN COURSE. .. You can see the joy in this photo as some of our students harvest carrots for our meals. Every day there’s a range of practical tasks to be done from harvesting to weeding to topping up the compost loos with dried coffee bean husks – a waste product that can be used as carbon rich ‘soak’ to balance the high nitrogen content of the loo contents! These essential jobs are accompanied by chat and laughter as friendships are made and experiences shared. Daily practicals are also hugely enjoyable, breaking up the classroom learning about all aspects of sustainable systems from food to funding to organisational structures. Everyone’s getting more and more excited as they progress in anticipation of applying all this when they get home. And there’s a serious side of course. Yesterday I sat down with a Kenyan lady who seemed upset – she told me that there were floods in her district , with people losing their homes and huge amounts of soil erosion. She was sad but also grateful to learn about alternative practices that nurture the earth and people whilst also mitigating climate change – and to know that we are all in this together and will support each other however we can. It was very humbling. carrot

Day 4: The Earth is a system, its has limits and runs on feedback

principle 4 permaculture

Apply self regulation and accept feedback

Day 4: Apply self-Regulation and accept feedback.

Each day is themed around a permaculture principle and today is about feedback and limits.

Today’s blog has been written by Barnabe  Mukezangango, who is organic farmer in Rwanda.

This was a great day where we have seen the following lessons:Seasonal planning, Soil /Land preparation,
Permaculture Ethics &values and crop maintenance.
In the morning, all home teams were busy doing different activities like pruning mangos,tidy library(chairs, tables and cups),coffee husks, harvesting chard, litter picking and weeding , global post writing.We all went for energizer with Steve Jones. And then we went in class and we looked about feedback and nature limits.

a good farmer should know how plan according to the season,as said Allen Lakein ”Failing to plan is planning to fail ”. In addition,” it takes real planning to organize this kind of chaos” said by Mel Odom.

Planning deals with “why “,”how”,”when”,”Where”,and “what”. For example as we have seen in Uganda, a farmer should plan to prepare the land in December, January and February since it’s a dry season;he grows crops in March,April and May as it’s wet season,and again prepare the land in June ,July and September as dry season and grows crops again in September,October and November.
After lunch, We especially enjoyed the sessions today with banana circle and cob rocket stove even though We didn’t get to all do the banana cycle since some of us were making a cob rocket stove. We have planted 5 bananas ,papaya ,lemon grass ,onions, comfrey. We all really enjoyed digging because it is interesting and amazing activity. Unfortunately Evans from Zimbabwe was bitten by Safari ants and every body was laughing at his reactions to their stings!

Sabina Head Jude, who is also doing the PDC with two of the participants

With permaculture ethics , we should not separate from the nature, and we have to respect living things, other people while working to meet the needs of ours selves and our family

Long term garden volunteer at Sabina Luigi, with the herb garden raised bed

Standing room only at Mr Dan and Mr Jagger’s workshop on coppicing and wood fuel generation

Thermal mass rocket stove workshop. Clay is soaked in water, mixed with sand and straw and formed around a pipe which has been pre greased with cooking oil so it can slide out when the stove has been made.

Fuel efficient stoves is a very important topic. conserving wood and the environment of course, saving needless work gathering wood which is largely wasted and importantly saving people from the hazards of inhaling wood smoke, the cause of a great deal of preventable disease and suffering in the majority world

Tree nursery

Team members Barbara and Nina Moon

The teaching team have been preparing many examples of different growing techniques to demonstrate the possibilities of growing in different conditions. These sack gardens show how food can be grown in small spaces, urban environments and where space for growing is limited.

We have also been propagating tree seedlings, jack fruit and avocade mainly which can be open pollenated and grown from seed rather than grafted.

Sack garden.. with regular showers and sunshine you can almost see these plants grow each day

 

Day 3: Obtaining yield

Hello everyone! We are a group of five people, two from Congo, another from Rwanda and two from Uganda and would love to share a little bit about our experiences here at Sabina where we are eagerly learning more about permaculture in order to apply it in our communities… One of the things we enjoy here, is that we aren’t only learning, but also really getting an opportunity to share our knowledge and experience with the tutors and other students on this course….

cob making #pdcug

lots of feet stamping on the clay

Today we had a very rainy day and this really allowed us to observe and understand how water was replenishing the soils, feeding the crops as it was following the water irrigation system based on the permaculture principles on the grounds of the school… Despite the mud and getting wet, our day was full of intensive learning interlaced with practicals and lots of fun…..
We especially enjoyed the sessions today on trees and guilds, which are; in Olivier Niyomugenga from Rwanda’s words “groupings of plants, trees, animals, insects and a range of other components”. We didn’t get to all do the banana cycle since some of us were making a cob rocket stove, but Olivier and Stephen Baguma really enjoyed digging the holes for the banana circle, the inner compost pit, planting banana, papaya trees and comfrey in the circle before covering them with the mulch which will preserve the soil and ensure the young seedlings to grow happily together, one species becoming the companion of the other in the circle. Banana circles really are a very interesting and amazing thing because of their association with other crops….

The others, Présence Mutundi Kambale, Justin Matsitsi Kambale and Victoria Katumba on the other hand really enjoyed learning how to make a cob rocket stove with our bear hands after preparing the soil by literally dancing on top of it…. Richie, Steve and Dan really put all their energy in teaching us this session in 1h time, making us realize how great it is to build such a stove, using our own resources… What a great thing to bring back to our communities and help women avoid cooking without having to breathe all the fumes from burning charcoal or wood…. The other great thing about the stove is that it uses so little wood and will thus not be a great burden to the sustainability of our forests….

This brings us to the other session that really stuck in our heads, and that was Angie’s amazing session on trees. We really enjoyed learning more about them, their interconnection and many uses. We concluded the session with building a “group wind break”, this helped us figure out all the elements that we must consider when building one ourselves. We were also surprised by all the different uses of trees, which can serve as medicine, covers for the earth, providing oxygen and adding to swale fertility… We thought trees would only give us shade, but it was great to find out about all their other functions…. And Angie added to the session by also sharing her personal experience which made it all very tangible and real.

We also realized today that its really important not to separate ourselves from nature… We are really just one thing… If we realise this and also really look after our soils, we will really improve our yields. The day was concluded by a talk of one of our sister’s Jane, who spoke to us all about the uses of the amazing Vetiver plant –something that could also be very useful for the DRC, where erosion is a very big problem. This plant is yet another example of the multiple benefits we can get from one source…. Whether for parfume, rope, pots… reversing erosion – Vetiver seems to be a plant that will do a lot of good for us all in the future….

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